Pathology of diphtheria (白喉) – patient education and translation
The objective of this project is to visualize the pathology of diphtheria. While immunization has proven extremely effective against diphtheria in industrialized (Western) countries, this illustration is intended for an audience in areas where endemic diphtheria has not been eradicated and the Tetanus and Diphtheria (Td) vaccine is not readily available. The illustration aims to increase awareness of a preventable disease.
Obstacles include lack of medical knowledge, quarantine procedures, and foremost, English literacy. A brief description introduces the viewer to the infection and how its distinct pseudomembrane forms. Two illustration styles create a visual distinction that implies a change in magnification – from overview to molecular progression. Children under five have a higher fatality risk (~20%), so including a 'quick checklist' helps identify characteristic symptoms. The work is intended as a full-colour printed poster, with additional versions translated in English, Chinese, Malay, and Korean. As a result, additional considerations due to translations – such as layout (due to reading language flow) – need to be addressed.
Award of Merit 2015, Association of Medical Illustrators | Student Instructional Anatomical/Pathological
Adobe Photoshop, Illustrator, InDesign
Lay audience – non-English primary language
Dr. J Wong
Dr. S Wall
1. Tissue cube study of respiratory mucosa – showing three cubes visualizing the necrosis of the ciliated pseudostratified columnar epithelium. The necrosis and dead cells transforms and creates the pseudomembrane.
2. Landscape study – a different way of visualizing the same epithelial layer, also featuring the exposed capillary bed due to epithelium necrosis.